Immunization plays a crucial role in protecting children from various infectious diseases. In India, 2 out of every 5 children do not receive complete immunizations(NHFS 4 data - 2016). These children are vulnerable to preventable diseases like measles, mumps and tetanus which often result in severe physical and neurological defects and in extreme cases, even death. Here are some key reasons highlighting the importance of immunization in children:
Disease Prevention:- Immunizations are designed to protect children from serious and potentially life-threatening diseases. Vaccines stimulate the immune system to recognize and fight specific pathogens, preventing the development of diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, polio, hepatitis, and many others.
Reduced Mortality and Morbidity:- Immunization has been instrumental in reducing the incidence of infectious diseases and their associated complications. By preventing illnesses, vaccines contribute to a decrease in child mortality and morbidity rates.
Herd Immunity:- Immunization not only protects the individual but also contributes to the concept of herd immunity. When a significant portion of a population is immunized against a disease, it reduces the overall transmission of the pathogen, protecting those who may be more vulnerable or unable to receive vaccines.
Eradication of Diseases:- Successful immunization programs have led to the eradication of certain diseases. For example, smallpox was declared eradicated in 1980 due to widespread vaccination efforts.
Cost-Effective Public Health Measure:- Immunization is a cost-effective public health intervention. The economic burden of treating and managing vaccine-preventable diseases is often much higher than the cost of vaccination programs.
Prevention of Complications:- Vaccines not only prevent the onset of diseases but also reduce the severity of symptoms and the risk of complications. For instance, the influenza vaccine can prevent severe respiratory complications in children.
Protection Throughout Life:- Many vaccines provide long-lasting protection or require booster shots to ensure continued immunity. Childhood vaccinations set the foundation for a lifetime of protection against certain diseases.
Global Health Impact:- Immunization contributes to global health by reducing the spread of infectious diseases across borders. This is particularly important in our interconnected world where people and diseases can easily travel from one region to another.
mmunization is a foundation of public health, protecting children from serious diseases, reducing the overall burden of illness, and contributing to the well-being of communities on a global scale. Regular and timely vaccination is a responsible and effective way to safeguard the health of children and the broader population. At CRY UK, we work tirelessly to ensure that children receive timely vaccinations and immunization so that they get a chance to grow up healthy.